The culture of Bali is unique.
People say that the Balinese people have reached
self-content. It is not an exaggeration that when
the Balinese is asked what heaven is like, they
would say, just like Bali, without the worries
of mundane life. They want to live in Bali, to
be cremated in Bali when they die, and to reincarnate
It does not mean that the Balinese resist changes.
Instead, they adapt it to their own system. This
goes back far in history. Before the arrival of
Hinduism in Bali and in other parts of Indonesia,
people practice animism. When Hinduism arrives,
the practice of Hinduism is adapted to local practices.
The brand of Hinduism practiced in Bali is different
from that in India. Other aspects of life flow
Traditional paintings, faithfully depicting religious,
and mythological symbolisms, met the Western and
modBali Culture, People, Culture in Baliern paintings,
giving birth to contemporary paintings,free in
its creative topics yet strongly and distinctively
Balinese. Its dance, music, and wayang theaters,
while have been continually enriched by contemporary
and external artistry, are still laden with religious
connotations, performed mostly to appease and
to please the gods and the goddesses.
Wood and stone carvings, gold and silver crafts
parallel the development of paintings, gracefully
evolving with external forces to enhance their
characters. The batik of Bali owes its origin
to Java, and inspired the development of ikat
and double ikat.
In religion, the prehistoric
influences, especially those of the megalithic
periods were still quite strong. Beliefs at that
time were focused on worship of the spirit of
the ancestors which was symbolized in the form
of temples which was called pyramid terraces or
terraced buildings. Sometimes at the top of the
building a menhir was placed, i.e. a monolith
column as the symbol of their ancestor's spirit.
Based on that, the religion that developed at
the time was the Siwa religion. Only during the
period of King Udayana and his queen, there were
two large religions practiced by the people, i.e.
the Siwa religion and the Buddha religion. This
information was obtained from the charters which
mentioned mpungku Sewasogata (Siwa-Buddha) as
the king's assistant.